At the start of the more than six-hour Kremlin talks, the two heads of state and government stressed the need for an agreement. One of the objectives was to prevent their bilateral relations and prosperous trade from harming. The Adana Agreement (pronounced [a`da.na]; in Turkish: Adana Mutabakat; In Arabic:) was a 1998 agreement between Turkey and Syria on the expulsion of the Kurdistan Workers` Party (PKK) from Syria.  The three-point agreement, read by the foreign ministers of both countries, also provided for the creation of a 12 km « security corridor » along the country`s crucial M4 motorway, which Russian and Turkish forces would begin patrolling at the end of next week. Unlike the fight for Aleppo, Moscow does not need Tehran in Idlib and has discussed it. This has angered the Iranian leadership, who will probably spoil the Russian-Turkish agreement by provoking the Turkish side. Turkey will probably react to the provocations, no doubt with russia`s agreement. However, it is unlikely that the agreement will put an end to the terrible suffering of the region. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad rejected the idea that the agreement had been signed under pressure and said he had approved it because he had decided that the best thing for Syria was « to be friends with the Turkish people », which he said was not reconciled with Syrian support for Kurdish groups.  « I hope that these agreements will serve as the basis for stopping military activities in the Idlib de-escalation zone (and) to end the suffering of peaceful populations and the growing humanitarian crisis, » Putin said. The deal was announced after about six hours of talks between Putin and Erdogan in the Russian capital. The latest Turkish-Russian agreement reached on 5 March in Moscow by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin will be no exception. Although the agreement succeeded in ending the fighting and giving respite to the three million Syrians living in the province, most of them were driven out several times, it did not find a stable solution that would prevent a new military offensive by the Syrian regime and its allies on the last stronghold of the Turkish-backed Syrian opposition.
In 2019, the agreement gained new significance thanks to ongoing Turkish operations on Syrian territory.   The agreement was specifically mentioned in the second agreement on the North Syria buffer zone. The March 5 agreement is likely to follow the fate of all previous Idlib agreements and will soon disintegrate. At first, Syria rejected the Turkish demands, but after important negotiations it decided to partially accept the end of the PKK`s presence in Syria. Prior to the agreement, the Syrian government allowed Ocalan to leave the country instead of handing it over to the Turkish authorities, as required by Turkish request. Instead, he was put on a plane to Moscow.   « The solution in Idlib is for the (Syrian) regime to stop its hostility and withdraw into border agreements. Otherwise, we will do so by the end of February, » Erdogan said. Meanwhile, the Syrian government said it no longer felt bound by the agreement, but remained « willing » to return to the agreement if Turkey were to stop supporting the Free Syrian Army and other Turkish-backed armed rebel groups in Syria and withdraw its troops from Turkish-occupied northern Syrian territories.   The foreign ministers of Russia and Turkey said that Thursday`s agreement was the best for a ceasefire that would be implemented from midnight along existing battle lines.