One way to do this would be to prevent negotiating teams from agreeing on issues such as political power-sharing agreements (including national, provincial or regional), the Afghan constitution, the role of religion, women`s rights, persistent violence, the return of prisoners and upcoming elections. The February 2020 agreement between the United States and the Taliban did not address these issues in a serious way and potentially poses enormous challenges. However, it will not be easy to reach an acceptable peace agreement. It is not clear whether the Taliban take a deal seriously or that their leaders are negotiating to persuade U.S. troops to withdraw so that Taliban troops can overthrow the Afghan government. Even if the Taliban negotiate in good faith, important issues must be resolved, from political power sharing to the role of Islam and women`s rights. A diplomat who closely followed the peace process said the Taliban had deliberately set out their political vision vaguely. In an interview last year, I asked the group`s chief negotiator at the time, Abbas Stanikzai, if they would accept the democratic process. On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed an agreement that was to be a first step towards an intra-Afghan peace agreement. The main provisions of the agreement were the U.S. commitment to withdraw all U.S. and foreign troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups from using Afghan territory to threaten the United States and its partners, and a promise from both sides to support peace negotiations within Afghanistan. As part of the agreement, the United States promised to reduce the number of U.S.
troops from about 14,000 to 8,600 troops, proportionately reduce the number of other international forces in Afghanistan, and cooperate with both sides to release the prisoners. There have been some remarkable problems with the agreement, such as the Afghan government`s lack of involvement in the negotiations. It was an attempt to make the most of a bad situation. But international and national observers of the Afghan peace process could not confirm that the Taliban had severed relations with Al Qaeda. According to a May 2020 UN report, the Taliban met with Al Qaeda several times in 2019 and early 2020 to coordinate « operational planning, training and provision of safe havens to Al Qaeda members in Afghanistan » by the Taliban. The Taliban in Afghanistan on Tuesday urged U.S. President-elect Joe Biden to continue to abide by the Doha peace agreement with the group signed during the Donald Trump administration. Since the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, violence has even escalated in Afghanistan. Some Taliban fighters have insisted that they continue their jihad « until an Islamic system is in place, » raising concerns that the organization does not feel genuinely committed to peace. Afghan peace talks have stalled, at least for now. The violence has intensified, and there have been revelations that the unit of GROUP 29155 , a component of the Russian military secret services, has provided assistance to the Taliban, including mud.
None of this portends good things for a quick solution to the war. A peace deal that would prevent Afghanistan from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism would allow the United States to withdraw its troops – already 14,000.S.