During cooperation and in certain types of licensing agreements, confidential materials and information are transmitted from one party to another. Confidentiality or confidentiality agreements are contracts that may govern the disclosure of confidential information by one party to another party and may be useful in building trust. Kowalski and Krattiger3 explain that disclosures can be unilateral, bilateral or multilateral and that confidential information is valuable precisely because it is not known to competitors or the public. One of the most important provisions of a confidentiality agreement is that Krattiger7 focuses on granting a patent license and stresses that not all patents should be licensed per se. A particular form of the agreement, which can also take the form of a public declaration, is that of the association of non-employment (non-assertion). Such an agreement certifies that a party or party holding intellectual property does not assert or defend ip rights (usually patents). Such non-asserts can be used in a wide range of IP management scenarios. For example, non-assertion agreements are particularly useful in enabling developing countries to access essential innovations in health and agriculture, as these agreements offer simple and effective opportunities to deal with three main constraints on the transfer and licensing of agricultural biotechnology: architecture contracts are common agreements between development partners and sponsors on services , the quality and purpose of an architecture. The successful implementation of these agreements requires effective governance of architecture (see 50th governance of architecture). The implementation of a regulated approach to contract management ensures that the traditional architectural contract is an agreement between the sponsor and the architectural function or the IS department. However, more and more services are provided by system integrators, application providers and service providers, coordinated by the architecture function or the IS department.
It is therefore necessary that an architectural contract can be concluded between all parties involved in the development and supply of architecture. Joint agreements between development partners and sponsors on the performance, quality and adequacy of the architecture. The architecture contract is the governance document for the implementation phase. May exist: Collaborative research agreements and sponsorship agreements are generally more complex than MTAs. For example, a collaborative research agreement often involves several partners (who are increasingly a mix of private and public sector actors) working together on a research project. The partners each put a lot of money, talent and technology into a central pool from which everyone draws. The chapters of Bair Steinbock5 and Gold and Bubela6 explain how collaborative research agreements are written and countless topics covered, including licensing.